“And David gave to Solomon his son a description of the porch, and of the temple, and of the treasures, and of the upper floor, and of the inner chambers, and of the house for the mercy seat” (1 Chronicles 28:11)
Literal Sense: Though David was not allowed to build a temple for God, he gave his son Solomon a detailed description on how it was to be built.
Allegorical Sense: The porch is Christ who is our entry into heaven. The temple is the church where the Holy Spirit lives. The treasures in the temple typify God who is the Christian’s eternal reward. The upper floor is a type of those in heaven who have reached a higher level of reward due to a higher level of holiness and good works than others. The inner chambers represent the secrets of God which are hidden and only revealed to those who persevere and the Holy of Holies prefigures the beatific vision of God.
Moral Sense: As David passed on to his son Solomon God’s plans for the temple, we too must pass on God’s word to our progeny.
Anagogical Sense: David’s description passed onto Solomon points us forward to all of the heavenly mysteries mentioned in the allegorical sense which the earthly temple typified.
“So Sesac king of Egypt departed from Jerusalem, taking away the treasures of the house of the Lord, and of the king’s house, and he took all with him, and the golden shields that Solomon had made” (2 Chronicles 12:9)
Literal Sense: King Sesac attacked Jerusalem and plundered the temple of the Lord and took away its treasures along with the golden shields Solomon made.
Allegorical Sense: the treasure of the Lord’s temple is plundered whenever Satan deceives a child of God by enticing them to sin. Once this is done the treasure of the Lord, God’s Himself, is no longer our reward and is said to have been taken away from us by Satan, “then the devil cometh, and taketh the word out of their heart, lest believing they should be saved.” (Luke 8:12)
Moral Sense: We should always be on guard because Satan is constantly attempting to rob us of our eternal treasure, which is eternity with God.
Anagogical Sense: We may look forward to the day God’s temple will no longer be plundered, the day when nothing will be able to separate us from enjoying God as our treasure in the heavenly temple.
“And he measured the court a hundred cubits long, and a hundred cubits broad foursquare: and the altar that was before the face of the temple.” (Ezekiel 40:47)
Literal Sense: The altar of sacrifice is described as in front of the temple, just as the altar of sacrifice in Solomon’s temple was situated in front of the temple.
Allegorical Sense: This demonstrates that it is necessary that one encounter the altar, or the sacrifice of Christ, before they can enter the temple, that is the church.
Moral Sense: The encountering of the altar before the temple instructs us to continually present our bodies as living sacrifices (Romans 12:1) before we enter the heavenly temple, which is heaven.
Anagogical Sense: Like the allegorical sense, it is necessary that we receive the sacrifice of Christ before we can enter into the heavenly temple.
“Now Aggeus the prophet, and Zacharias the son of Addo, prophesied to the Jews that were in Judea and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel. Then rose up Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Josue the son of Josedec, and began to build the temple of God in Jerusalem, and with them were the prophets of God helping them.” (Ezra 5:1-2)
Literal Sense: Inspired by the preaching of Aggeus and Zacharias, Zorobabel and Josue began to rebuild the temple and they were assisted by the prophets of God.
Allegorical Sense: The prophets of God still assist Christ in building the temple, which is the church. They do this as their words are recorded in Scripture and as one reads their words one is pointed to live a holy life in order to be an acceptable temple where God’s Spirit may dwell.
Moral Sense: As the prophets helped Zorobabel and Josue build the temple, so too must we who have been made prophets in Christ (1 John 2:27) help build the new temple, which is the church, by leading others to Christ through the proclamation of the Gospel and through a holy lifestyle.
Anagogical Sense: A day is coming when it will no longer be necessary for prophets to proclaim God’s word, “[a]nd they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying: Know the Lord: for all shall know me from the least of them even to the greatest, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.” (Jeremiah 31:34) This day will be fully realized in the beatific vision and these things point us forward to that day.
“Let them cover both sides of the propitiatory, spreading their wings, and
covering the oracle, and let them look one towards the other, their faces being turned towards the propitiatory wherewith the ark is to be covered.” (Exodus 25:20)
Literal Sense: God instructed Moses to make two figures of cherubim that face each other and continually look towards the ark.
Allegorical Sense: Since the Blessed Virgin Mary is the antitype of the Ark of the Covenant and the angelic cherubim are the antitype of the two cherubim above the ark, these things indicate that the angels continually look to Mary, the new ark, beholding her glory and seeking her intercession.
Moral Sense: As the angels in heaven seek continually seek the intercession of Mary, so too must we continually seek the help of our Blessed Mother in heaven through prayer.
Anagogical Sense: These things point us forward to the day when we will continually behold the glory of the blessed Virgin Mary.