“And when thou shalt have ended thy days to go to thy fathers, I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons: and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build me a house, and I will establish his throne for ever.” (1 Chronicles 17:11-12)
Literal Sense: King David greatly wished to build a Temple for the LORD that would house the ark of the covenant. The Prophet Nathan received a word from the LORD instructing David not to build Him a house since he had been a man of war and shed a great deal of blood. However, the LORD, through the Prophet Nathan promised that his offspring, Solomon, will build Him a temple and He would establish his throne forever.
Allegorical Sense: Solomon is a type of Jesus, who is building a house for His heavenly Father, though this house is not made of gold or cedar, like Solomon’s temple. Rather, the house Christ is building for His Father is a house made of people, as St. Paul wrote :”[k]now you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?” (1 Corinthians 3:16) Christ is ultimately the seed of David whose throne is established forever, “He [Jesus] shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the most High; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father; and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever. And of his kingdom there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:32-33)
Moral Sense: As Christ honors His Father by building Him a house for His glory, so we too are to build a house of good work for God’s glory, as St. Paul wrote “[a]ccording to the grace of God which has been given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation, but another builds upon it. But let each see how he builds upon it.” (1 Corinthians 3:10)
Anagogical Sense: We may look forward to our heavenly abode, a place Christ has prepared for us and for the glory of His Father (Luke 14:2-3), as Solomon built a house for glory of the LORD.