“And the Lord shewed me Jesus the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord: and Satan stood on his right hand to be his adversary. And the Lord said to Satan: The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan: and the Lord that chose Jerusalem rebuke thee: Is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? And Jesus was clothed with filthy garments: and he stood before the face of the angel. Who answered, and said to them that stood before him, saying: Take away the filthy garments from him. And he said to him: Behold I have taken away thy iniquity, and have clothed thee with change of garments. And he said: Put a clean mitre upon his head: and they put a clean mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments, and the angel of the Lord stood.” (Zechariah 3:1-5)
Literal Sense: Zechariah was shown a vision of Joshua the High Priest standing before the angel of the Lord in the presence of Satan who stood accusing Joshua of his sins. The angel of the Lord opposed Satan and took away Joshua’s filthy garments and clothed him with clean garments, symbolizing that his transgressions were taken away.
Allegorical Sense: Satan opposes the Church and accuses her of sin. Christ comes to her defense, takes away her sins and clothes her in righteousness.
Moral Sense: If it is Satan who opposes the Church and Christ who comes to her defense, we should be careful to never be the accuser of our brethren but to always be their advocate.
Anagogical Sense: In the new heavens and the new earth Satan will no longer be able to accuse the church of sin since she will be completely free from sin.